quinta-feira, 31 de julho de 2008

Bauhaus School of art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design and typography. Germany - 1919 to 1933

The Bauhaus school was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar

"House of Building" or "Building School") is the common term for the Staatliches Bauhaus , a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933.

The Bauhaus school was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. In spite of its name, and the fact that its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus did not have an architecture department during the first years of its existence. The Bauhaus style became one of the most influential currents in Modernist architecture and modern design. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design and typography.

The school existed in three German cities (Weimar from 1919 to 1925, Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and Berlin from 1932 to 1933), under three different architect-directors: Walter Gropius from 1919 to 1927, Hannes Meyer from 1927 to 1930 and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 to 1933, when the school was closed by the Nazi regime.

The changes of venue and leadership resulted in a constant shifting of focus, technique, instructors, and politics. When the school moved from Weimar to Dessau, for instance, although it had been an important revenue source, the pottery shop was discontinued. When Mies van der Rohe took over the school in 1930, he transformed it into a private school. wikipédia

quarta-feira, 30 de julho de 2008

National Assembly for Wales, at Cardiff, Wales, 2006 - Richard Rogers Architect

Architect Richard Rogers

Richard Rogers

(b. Florence, Italy 1933)

Richard Rogers was born in Florence, Italy in 1933. He attended the Architectural Association School in London before graduating from Yale University. He and his first wife, Sue, worked in a partnership with Norman and Wendy Foster as "Team 4". In contrast to Foster, who generated a sophisticated architecture based in technology, Rogers created lavish, enthusiastic designs. In 1970 Rogers established a partnership with the Italian architect Renzo Piano. After the completion of the Pompidou Center in Paris, the Richard Rogers Partnership was formed.

His works reject the classical past, while enthusiastically embracing a technological future with its accompanying aesthetic. Although he places emphasis on technology, he believes that it cannot be an end in itself, but must attempt to solve existing social and ecological problems.

His interest in uninterrupted interior spaces has made Rogers an heir to the functionalist tradition. His concern with total flexibility and obvious technical imagery has been termed Late Modern. However, his more recent works have returned to the images of the early Modernists, notably Mendelsohn.

References

Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture.

Tugendhat House, at Brno, Czech Republic, 1930 'Less is More'

Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

(b. Aachen, Germany 1886; d. Chicago, Illinois 1969)

Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe was born in Aachen, Germany in 1886. He worked in the family stone-carving business before he joined the office of Bruno Paul in Berlin. He entered the studio of Peter Behrens in 1908 and remained until 1912.

Under Behrens' influence, Mies developed a design approach based on advanced structural techniques and Prussian Classicism. He also developed a sympathy for the aesthetic credos of both Russian Constructivism and the Dutch De Stijl group. He borrowed from the post and lintel construction of Karl Friedrich Schinkel for his designs in steel and glass.

Mies worked with the magazine G which started in July 1923. He made major contributions to the architectural philosophies of the late 1920s and 1930s as artistic director of the Werkbund-sponsored Weissenhof project and as Director of the Bauhaus.

Famous for his dictum 'Less is More', Mies attempted to create contemplative, neutral spaces through an architecture based on material honesty and structural integrity. Over the last twenty years of his life, Mies achieved his vision of a monumental 'skin and bone' architecture. His later works provide a fitting denouement to a life dedicated to the idea of a universal, simplified architecture

Mies died in Chicago, Illinois in 1969.

References
Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects

Ronchamp Chapel - France -1955

Le Corbusier - one of the most important architects of the twentieth century.

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, better known by the pseudonym Le Corbusier, (La Chaux-de-Fonds, 6 October 1887 - Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, August 27, 1965) was an architect, painter and French urbanist, Swiss origin. It ranks along with Frank Lloyd Wright, Alvar Aalto, Mies van der Rohe, Oscar Niemeyer, one of the most important architects of the twentieth century.

Age 29 moved to Paris, where he adopted his pseudonym, which borrowed the name of his maternal grandfather. His figure was marked by his dark glasses round of rims. He died by drowning on August 27, 1965.

fonte wikipédia

terça-feira, 29 de julho de 2008

Museum of Contemporary Art in Niteroi, Brazil, 1991- by Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (born December 15, 1907, Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian architect who is considered one of the most important names in international modern architecture. He was a pioneer in the exploration of the constructive possibilities of reinforced concrete.

His buildings are often characterised by being spacious and exposed, mixing volumes and empty space to create unconventional patterns and often propped up by pilotis. Both lauded and criticised for being a "sculptor of monuments", his most famous design, the plan for the city of Brasilia.

wikipédia

segunda-feira, 28 de julho de 2008

Annie M. Pfeiffer Chapel by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1941

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright is without a doubt America's most famous architect, and yet he never attended architecture school. As a child, he worked on his uncle's farm in Wisconsin, and he later described himself as an American primitive - an innocent but clever country boy whose education on the farm made him more perceptive and more down-to-earth.

During his 70-year career, Frank Lloyd Wright designed 1,141 buildings, including homes, offices, churches, schools, libraries, bridges, and museums. Five hundred and thirty-two of these designs were completed, and 409 still stand.

Frank Lloyd Wright pioneered a long, low style known as the Prairie house. He experimented with obtuse angles and circles, creating unusually shaped structures such as the spiral Guggenheim Museum (1943-49). He developed a series of low-cost homes that he called Usonian. And most importantly, Frank Lloyd Wright changed the way we think of interior space.

Frank Lloyd Wright was married three times and had seven children. His work was controversial and his private life was often the subject of gossip. Although his work was praised in Europe as early as 1910, it was not until 1949 that he received an award from American Institute of Architects.

click2architects

Reichstag, Berlin, 1992 Architect Sir Norman Foster

About Architecture - Norman Foster

About Architecture: Altough I don’t work directly with Architecture , I enjoy it and I’ve many architect who I’m a fan like Norman Foster, he has been awarded the Prince Philip Designers Prize for 2004. Presented by HRH the Duke of Edinburgh, the annual Prize recognises lifetime achievement in design for business and society. Aministered by the Design Council, the Prize is unique in recognising a designer’s entire career, rather than a single piece of work. Nominees and judges are selected by their peers, who are represented through several professional bodies including the Design Museum, the Royal College of Art, the Chartered Society of Designers, the RIBA and Royal Designers for Industry.

Dieta da Alma

Cada dia cresce mais e mais a preocupação e os cuidados com o corpo. Não faltam dietas,
quer para emagrecer, engordar, manter
o peso, controlar o colesterol, etc.
Todas têm um caminho certo:
Cuidar do organismo através do controle da alimentação para uma vida mais saudável.


Com tanto esforço da dietoterapia e
das academias, seja louvável e necessário, não obstante, eu pergunto:
Quem vai cuidar da alma?
Qual a dieta que elimina as “toxinas” de nosso interior e o excesso de “gordura” de nossas emoções?


Na lógica das dietas alimentares, sem corte de tudo que é prejudicial para o organismo, seja por excesso e/ou
contaminação, não são possíveis saúde
e bem estar.


Partindo dessa lógica, eu gostaria de prescrever uma dieta para a alma,
a base de cortes radicais
que somente serão possíveis através de uma grande força de vontade.
Esta força de vontade
deve emergir da própria alma e será produzida pela certeza de que:
É preciso ser feliz.


Minha dieta está baseada na eliminação de cinco sentimentos que, enquanto estiverem em nós, produzem
uma espécie de “lixo” interior:
orgulho – inveja – amargura
vingança - ódio

Toda pessoa orgulhosa é doente e não se dá conta disso. O ORGULHO, via de regra, conduz ao isolamento social e se fundamenta numa
grande ilusão, de querer ser aquilo que se é.

Todo orgulhoso termina a vida frustrado e só.

Eliminando o orgulho, você libera outros sentimentos que tornarão sua
vida bem melhor.

A INVEJA é sempre um atestado de incompetência, além de ser pobreza de espírito. É também a revelação de um péssimo
caráter. O invejoso tem um sorriso falso, tem uma mente doente e geralmente contamina outras pessoas, destruindo amizades
e relacionamentos.
É bom a gente ver também o sucesso dos outros e ajudá-los em suas conquistas, pois neste mundo de DEUS, há espaço para todos.

O invejoso é um fraco.


Toda pessoa amargurada vive sempre com a alma sangrando por dentro, gotejando lágrimas de um eterno sofrer. A AMARGURA, quando cria raízes no coração, produz o
ressentimento, o desencantamento da vida,
a tristeza contínua que logo é refletida
através de um olhar distante e sem brilho,
pelo sorriso vazio ou pelo coração fechado para o amor. Quantas pessoas há que não conseguem mais sorrir, perderam completamente a alegria de viver! Como é possível viver feliz com amargura no coração ?


Na vida nada é melhor que um dia após o outro. Por isso mesmo evite ser uma pessoa de espírito vingativo, pois a VINGANÇA
é a arma dos fracos, dos que não têm DEUS no coração. A vida dá sempre
muitas voltas e deixe que ela mesma se encarregará de esclarecer muitas coisas e,
por mais difícil que seja, abençoe sempre
os que lhe desejam o mal.
Aprender a abençoar é também aprender
a ser livre.

Por último, não permita jamais que o ÓDIO
se instale dentro de você. Ele é uma espécie de tumor maligno em nossa afetividade e poderá um dia evoluir para um grande
tumor maligno em nosso corpo.
Ele é irracional, prejudicial e desnecessário.
O ódio é sempre a negação do amor e falta
do amor revela a ausência de DEUS.
Quem odeia, não perdoa, e quem não perdoa vive intranqüilo, sem paz e cheio de remorso.
O ódio é o câncer da alma!


A vida é um dom de DEUS.
Viver bem é uma necessidade e também um desafio. Cuide de seu corpo,
elimine tudo que lhe faz mal,

...Mas cuide também de sua vida interior
eliminando as “toxinas” e as “gorduras” da alma; elas adoecem as emoções, deformam a estética de nossa interioridade e
produzem muitos males ao longo da vida.


“Finalmente irmãos, tudo o que
é verdadeiro, tudo o que é respeitável,
tudo o que é justo, tudo o que é puro,
tudo o que é amável, tudo o que é de
boa fama, se alguma virtude há e se
algum louvor existe,
seja isso que ocupe o vosso pensamento”.
(Filipenses 4 : 8)


domingo, 27 de julho de 2008